Nyainqentanglha Feng Mountain
A huge mountain range runs for 6000 kilometers from the west to the east in the middle part of the South Tibetan Plateau. It joins Gangku Kachi in the west, and by stretching southeast, is connected with Baxoila Ling of the Heng-duan Shan Range, with its center swelling northward. This is the renowned Nyainquentanglha Shan Range, which serves as the watershed of the two big water systems-the Yarlung Zangbo River and the Nujiang River, dividing the Tibet Autonomous Region into three large rigions-North Tibet, South Tibet and Southeast Tibet.
As early as the end of the Tertiary Period and the Quaternary Period, controlled and pressed by the Nujiang Fracture Belt and the Yarlung Zangbo River Fracture Belt (runninng east-west), the area of Nyainqentanglha Shan became fractured, folded and rose violently now and then, forming the huge mountain range at 6000 meters above sea level.
Located on a satellite mountain range, which is at 7126 meters a bove sea level, the main peak of Nyainqentanglha Shan is in the mass of high peaks tow-ering most sharply in the middle of the west Nyainqentanglha Shan. At 90,60 E and 3004 N, it lies in Damxung couty of the Tibet Autonomous Regiom. Neighboring it are four peaks which are arranged east-westward closely to one another. They are respectively at 7162, 7111,7117 and 7046 meters above sea level, with the 7048 – meter Qongmu Gangri Feng at the south eng. “Nyain-qentanglha”, meaning “the God of Grassland” in Tibetan language, expresses the reverence and hope of the Tibeton people. The perfectly straight, lie of the precipitous mountain reveals a grand view. Looking just like an eagle’s beak and abundant in precipices, the summit of the main peak is wrapped in clouds and fog in the day time and covered by heavy snow all the year round. It has pro-duced three main ridges-the West Ridge, the East Ridge and the South Ridge while two glaciers lie across the valley on both the south and north sides, ex-tending straight down south. In addition, lots of ice wall and open and hidden crevasses are extremely pperilous, magnificent and wonderful.
At the north west foot of the main peak rests the second largest sault lake, Nam Co, meaning “Heavenly Lake”, which is the highest located vast lake in the world- at 4716 meters above sea level. Extending into the center of the lake is Zaxi Peninsula with its Zaxi Temple, where the pious followers of Lamaism make nothing of the hardships for pilgrim and pay homage to the divine Nyainqentanglha Shan and the holy Nam Co. In the lake area, one can en-joy the pleasure boats and accommodation inns of Tibetan style for a short rest. At the south foot of the main peak sits the beautiful Yangbajain Valley which is on the gigantic geological fracture belt between Nyainqentanglha Shan and Gangdise Shan. Rich in terrestial heat, it owns not only the common hot springs and fountains, but also jet-air hole, hot-water rivers, hot-water lakes, hot-wa-ter swamps as well as the “Heat Museum”, rare in the world. Since the smooth and resilient bathing water makes it the ideal place to refresh travellers and to cure diseases, tourist conservatories and bathing spas as well as terrestial heat station, the largest of the kind in China, are built.
Nyainqentanglha Shan Feng has characteristics in the obvious inland arid climate as it lies in the hinter-land of the continent and is screened by mountains and held back from thd cold current in the northwest and the warm current from the Indian Ocean.
The precipitation of this area each year generally differs from 200 to 400 mm, centering in the rainy season. In spring, howerver, the melted snow often gives rise to disasters. Thus, mountaineering activities are usually focused in th months from May to September which prove to be a rather good time for it. On may 8, 1986, three persons from the Mountaineering Team of Japan’s North-east University, made the successful ascent of the summit. They started from the south slope, went on the Southwest branch of the ridge and finally turned to the west ridge for the summit.
The route line to the mountain. A 110- kilometer drive brings you from Lhasa up to Yangbajain and then Banuco. The base camp site may be erected at the exit of Banuco He of 4800 meters above sea level.