Lying in the middle section of the Himalayas at 87.1 0E and 27.9 0N, Makaru Shan ranks fifth among the highest peaks in the world. It has an altitude of 8465 meters while its northwest side, as the crow flies, is 24 kilometers away from Qomolangma Feng. The Northwest Ridge and the Southeast Ridge divide Makaru Feng into two sides, the north and the south, with the former in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and the latter in the Kingdom of Nepal.
Makaru Shan owns five major ridges, respectively classified into the Northwest Ridge, the Southwest Ridge, the Northeast Ridge, the Southeast Ridge and the North Ridge. The peak on the North Ridge is named Qomolanso Feng and that on the Northwest Ridge Makaru J Feng, their altitude being 7816 meters and 7640 meters. The peak on the Southeast Ridge is at an altitude of 8010 meters, a bit higher than others. Heavy snows cover the peaks while the slope valleys are embraced by gigantic glaciers with a lot of saw-tooth-shaped steep cliffs and crags. As a result, frequent avalances take place and snowy peaks often appear.
In 1954, one mountaineer from the Franch Team reached Makaru Feng at an altitude of 7646 meters. Another French made it in 1980.
In 1970, a Japanese Team of 2 persons sumounted the southeast peak at an altitude of 8010 meters.
In May, 1955, for the first time in human history, a French Team of 9 persons including a man called J•Couzy climbed over the saddle of the North-west Ridge following the Bakang Glacier in Nepal and came to the summit along the northwest slope in China.
The route line to the mountain. After a two-day drive of 670 kilometers from Lhasa along the Sino-Nepal Highway, travel through Gyangze, Xigaze to Xegar. Then turn south from the north and go 120 kilometers through Bebar, Pazhug and Kada, and you will arrive at Youpa. Then advance about 60 kilo-meters southward on yak back along the the Ganma Yhangbo River (a tributary of the Peng Qu) bank to the mountaineering base camp. Now you are at the northwest foot of Makaru Shan of 3600 meters above sea level where the camp site is fairly open with sufficient water resources.