Chola Shan Mountain
Towering at the south fringe of the Tibetan Plateau, Chola Shan runs northwest-southeast on the west Sichuan Plateau and in the north of the Hengduan Shan Range. With the Yulong He, the tributary of the Yalongjiang, running form west to east on the north side and the Maisu He, tributary of the Jinsha Jiang River, circling it northward on the south side, Chola Shan is linked up with Mola Shan in the north and joins Shaluli Shan in the south.
With its geographical coordinates at 99.1 0 E and 31.8 0 N, the main peak of Chola Shan enjoys an altitude of 6168 meters, Lying in Dege County in the south section of Chola Shan, it owns doyes of snowy peaks of above 5000 meters in the mountain area and thus proves to be the fortres of Kangding-Tibet transportation. Two mountain ridges, the Northwest Ridge and the Northeast Ridge, stand on the main peak of Chola Shan. Three kilometers away from the main peak and on the Northwest Ridge are the lofty and magnificent Chola Shan I Feng fo 6119 meters in height, which pierces into the sea of clouds side by side with the main peak and is capped by a vast expanse of white snow. With its comples terrain, the tall and giant main peak of Chola Shan has a relative height difference of around 200 meters-400 meters from the summit to the bottom of the valley while on the north slope and in the valley of the southeast slope of the main peak lie two large glaciers, the tognue of which stretches right to the forest fringe at 4500 meters above sea level.
Chola Shan possesses a neve snow line of about 4700-5200 meters and glaciers which mainly take the form of cirque glaciers, on the surface of which crevasses crisscross and seracs are unusually beautiful. At the northwest foot of the main peak is Xingluhai, a glacier at 4100 meters above sea level, which is otherwise named “Yuqun Co”. Lying across the front of the lake are two lateral moraine and end moraine (200 meters and 3 kilometers long respectively) which, 10-15 meters above the lake surface, proves to be the trace of ancient glacier actions on the north slope. In the hilly mountains on the plateau surface are dragon spruce (picea asperata) which are distributed in the shape of lumps. In the forests and prairies perch more than 20 kinds of animals such as Asiatic black bear, musk deer, white-lipped deer, seron, snow leopards and blue sheep.
The best mountain-climbing seasons are in the months of April-May-June or September-October every year.
The route line to the mountain. Go westward from Chengdu along the Sichuan-Tibet Highway through Kangding to Dong Elo; then advance northwest through Dawu and Ganze to Yulong; thereafter turn southward- the whole journey totaling 868 kilometers. After crossing Xingluhai Lake, you are here at the north foot of the main peak of Chola Shan and the 3800-meter mountaineering base camp site can be located at the south bank of Xingluhai Lake.
On September 24-25, 1988, for the first time in human history, the main peak of Chola Shan was surmounted by 10 persons such as Zhangjian, Funohara Naotoke from the Allied Mountaineering Team of Geological University of China and Kobe University of Japan.